Awareness Fashion Health Wellness

Preliminary Results of the International Bra-Free Study – Collective Evolution

“Perfectly Smooth Shell of a Craft” – A Look Inside The Real Secret Space Program – Collective Evolution
  • The Details:

    Written by Sydney Ross Singer, a pioneer of the sector of Utilized Medical Anthropology, writer, & Director of the Institute for the Research of Culturogenic Illness. Originally revealed at, it is shared right here with permission.

  • Mirror On:

    Is it time to ditch the bra?

In case you are a lady, then there’s necessary info it is advisable to know to maintain healthy and keep away from disease. That is info that you ought to be informed by your physician and different health professionals, however many of those professionals simply don’t have this info.

The difficulty pertains to the sporting of tight clothes. Research, and common sense, tell us that sporting something tight is dangerous for health. Tight clothes compresses our smooth physique tissues, impairing the perform of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, nerves, and extra. Research exhibits tight neckties, tight pants, girdles, corsets, bras, and other compression garments may cause critical hurt.

The purpose of the Worldwide Bra-Free Research is to assess the modifications a lady experiences as soon as she stops utilizing bras. The research began in 2018 and continues to be recruiting individuals from around the globe. Members pledge to stop utilizing bras and their progress is followed by way of open and closed-ended questions. The research is ongoing, however we have now seen some superb patterns in the experience of girls who stop sporting bras. We consider it is extremely essential to share these preliminary findings with the public presently, hoping to warn as many women as potential concerning the impact of bra utilization on health.

We started our research contemplating the impact of bras on breasts, and expected enchancment in breast pain, cysts, and decreased most cancers incidence in our group of bra-free ladies. What we discovered was that, in addition to the above, we also discovered that ladies recovered from many different bodily illnesses that appeared utterly unrelated to bra utilization.

We’re discovering the various methods tight bras harm health, including every part of the physique. As you will notice, bras cause greater than breast disease.


Much of style is about altering the physique to realize a culturally-defined shape. When tight garments trigger disease, the fashion industry opposes the research revealing the disease, and the medical industry will get caught within the center. Drugs is a business that income from the detection and remedy of disease, and makes money when individuals are sick, not nicely. This battle of curiosity helps perpetuate harmful cultural practices, akin to sporting tight clothes, since drugs, and the culture usually, are influenced extra by industry and cash than by well being.

Bras have been proven in numerous studies to contribute to breast most cancers incidence. While the link between breast cancer and bras has been recognized by docs since bras turned well-liked, within the early 20th Century, cultural acceptance1 of the bra and in depth promotion by the fashion and lingerie industries have eclipsed info that bras pose a big menace to health.

When cultural influences from industry and social practices bias human conduct and trigger illness, the resulting disease could be referred to as “culturogenic”. Breast cancer is usually a culturogenic disease, with a small (lower than 10%) genetic element, and a big cultural-environmental element. These non-genetic causes of breast most cancers embrace exposure to environmental carcinogens and x-rays(including mammograms), along with direct inhibition of the breast lymphatic system by tight bra usage.

How Bras Trigger Breast Most cancers

Impaired lymphatics is central to the etiology of breast cancer. The lymphatic system is a part of the immune system, and is answerable for the circulation of interstitial fluid. This fluid develops from the bloodstream, delivering vitamin and oxygen to the cells, together with toxins which are in the bloodstream because of contaminants in our air, water, and meals. The lymphatic system consists of microscopic vessels with one-way valves that result in lymph nodes. Lymph fluid passively passes into lymphatic vessels to be eliminated from the tissue, inspected by the lymph nodes, and returned to the bloodstream.

Waste merchandise from mobile metabolism, together with toxins delivered to the cells from our petrochemically-polluted air, meals, and water, are removed from the tissues by the lymphatic system. As well as, pathogens and most cancers cells are additionally swept via the lymphatic, to the lymph nodes, the place an immune response is elicited.

Nevertheless, when the tiny, easily-compressed lymphatic vessels are constricted by tight bras, this fluid channel becomes restricted, causing quite a lot of issues. Most girls who put on bras expertise breast pain and cysts because of this lymphatic impairment. As well as, the ensuing lymph-stasis and lymph congestion of the tissue leads to lowered toxin elimination, inflicting the progressive toxification of the breasts. The local tissue surroundings turns into low in oxygen, decreasing the physique’s capability to course of free radicals. The resulting accumulation of endogenous and exogenous toxins will increase most cancers danger considerably.

In line with our 1991-93 US Bra and Breast Most cancers Research, revealed in our e-book, Dressed to Kill: The Hyperlink Between Breast Most cancers and Bras, the bra-cancer hyperlink is the main explanation for breast most cancers. This research concluded that bra-free ladies have about the same danger of breast cancer as males, while the tighter and longer the bra is worn the higher the danger rises, to 125 occasions greater for a 24/7 bra consumer compared to a bra-free lady.

This was the world’s first research that appeared instantly at the bra-cancer link. A 1991 research from Harvard found pre-menopausal bra-free ladies had half the danger of breast most cancers in comparison with bra customers, however this discovering was incidental to the primary focus of the research, which was on breast measurement, handedness, and breast most cancers incidence.

Because the launch of Dressed to Kill in 1995, there have been dozens of different bra-cancer research carried out internationally that present a big link. Nevertheless, this problem is considered “controversial” resulting from its potential cultural and financial influence, just like resistance to the tobacco-cancer link back in the mid-20th Century. Present opponents of the bra-cancer link embrace thought leaders such because the American Most cancers Society2 and Susan G. Komen Foundation3, which have publicly referred to as the link scientifically implausible.

Figures Don’t Lie, however Liars Determine

Critics of the bra-cancer link confer with a 2014 research that was commissioned by the Nationwide Cancer Institute, which has been denying any risk of a bra-cancer hyperlink because the launch of Dressed to Kill. Resulting from public acceptance of the hyperlink, NCI felt it essential to counter the research displaying a link by funding a research to oppose the link. This research was finished at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Analysis Middle, which raises money for breast cancer analysis by means of promoting “Bra Dash” events4. The research was achieved on post-menopausal ladies solely, and none of the ladies have been bra-free, so there was no management group. The writer of the research, who’s a female graduate scholar who also wore bras, unsurprisingly found no bra-cancer link in her chosen group of bra customers.

This single, un-reproduced, flawed research has been utilized by the ACS and Komen Basis, and others who comply with them, as ultimate proof of no bra-cancer hyperlink. While conflicting research are typical of scientific analysis, this one research has been thought-about the primary and last phrase on this difficulty by the cancer “specialists” who deny the bra-cancer hyperlink. This research clearly serves the pursuits of the cancer detection and remedy industry, in addition to the lingerie industry which fears class motion lawsuits for the harms brought on by bras.

However, since that try and stop interest in the bra-cancer hyperlink in 2014, there have been many more recent research that show the hyperlink. And a current trend5 in breast cancer analysis is asking about bra utilization as a normal question, identical to asking about household historical past. In truth, a current research from Iran exhibits bra utilization is a much bigger think about inflicting breast most cancers than household history.6

Culturally, bra usage has been questioned because of the #MeToo motion that has been challenging sexism and abuse in the workplace. Many women at the moment are opting for being snug and bra-free at work, in addition to of their everyday lives. Women in highschool are objecting to dress codes that require bras. And the overall legal consensus is that ladies at work cannot be pressured to put on sexualizing clothing, including high heels, brief skirts, and bras.7 These tendencies are making it easier for the tradition to simply accept the fact that bras are causing disease.

Perhaps the most important impediment to this probably lifesaving info is the resistance from the medical subject, such as the ACS and others who comply with their lead. We talk about within the 2018, updated, second version of Dressed to Kill why we consider there’s this resistance to this info, as an alternative of a call for additional analysis. Regardless of the cause, this unscientific, biased opposition to the bra-cancer link is a public well being menace.

It’s to fight this menace to well being that we began the International Bra-Free Research in 2018. This research, which is free to hitch, is designed to create a cohort of bra-free ladies in an effort to see what happens to their breast health over time. Whereas the research accepts ladies who’ve been bra-free for years, most of our members have been bra users, allowing us to see what modifications occur to their breasts and general health as soon as they stop utilizing bras.

While this research is predicted to assist ladies keep away from breast most cancers and different breast disease related to bra usage, the ladies in our research may be out there for other breast research which require bra-free ladies. One huge flaw in breast most cancers and other breast disease analysis is that bra usage has been ignored as a factor. That is as scientifically flawed as ignoring smoking when doing lung disease research, which was the case previous to the acceptance of the tobacco-cancer link.

The 2014 Hutchinson research did not embrace any bra-free ladies as a control group, which that research admits is a flaw. They rationalize that flaw by saying that it was almost unattainable to seek out bra-free ladies for his or her research. In fact, you can’t do a legitimate breast cancer research wanting on the bra-cancer link without together with a control group of bra-free ladies for comparability. So as an alternative of conducting poor breast most cancers analysis without management teams, we hope to supply our research members for attainable inclusion in their future studies.

The response from the medical industry was swift after we announced our International Bra-Free Research. The American Council on Science and Well being, a public relations firm that aims to dismiss and discredit all those who problem the pursuits of the drug industry, revealed successful piece towards me and the research. Mockingly, they claimed8 the research is flawed by not including a management group of bra users.

However, despite the resistance by the medical industry through the years, many women have heard concerning the bra-cancer link and have stopped sporting bras. Many have joined the International Bra-Free Research. We anticipate that this group of girls could have a lower incidence of breast cancer than most of the people, which is our management group.

Nevertheless, we’ve got discovered something sudden within the research. There have been some particular well being modifications following the elimination of bra usage, and whereas the research is ongoing, we felt it necessary to report these shocking findings.

Bras Constrict More Than the Lymphatics

First, we should clarify that tight bras compress extra than just the lymphatics. Additionally they compress nerves and muscle mass. In truth, analysis has proven that sporting tight bras impairs the autonomic nervous system, resulting in a number of problems.

For instance, researchers have found that tight bras primarily create a full-body stress response. In response to one study9, “The primary results could be summarized as follows: (1) urinary excretion of adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol was facilitated, and the quantities of urinary excretion have been significantly larger when TC (tight clothing) have been worn. Heart price was considerably larger in the TC group; (2) nocturnal urinary melatonin excretion was considerably larger within the TC group. These outcomes are discussed when it comes to an enhancement of diurnal sympathetic nervous system exercise brought on by strain on the skin produced by tight clothes.”

One other research of tight bras discovered that constipation is a outcome10, presumably as a result of suppression of the parasympathetic nervous system and intestinal mobility.

One other research11 found that ladies who have been bra-free had shorter menstrual cycles, averaging 30 days, compared to bra users, whose menstrual cycle averaged 45 days.

A research also discovered that tight clothes hampers respiration12, decreasing lung enlargement, inhalation volume, and deep respiration.

Analysis has also proven that breasts carry and tone once the bra is not worn.13 The research writer concluded, “Medically, physiologically, anatomically – breasts achieve no benefit from being denied gravity. On the contrary, they get saggier with a bra.” While this scientific finding stands in distinction to bra-industry propaganda claiming that bras forestall droop, the science behind the bra-causes-droop impact is that reliance on the bra leads to weakened suspensory ligaments and extra droop. As soon as the bra is not worn, the ligaments strengthen and the breasts carry and tone. In addition. bras make the breasts heavy with extra fluid as a consequence of lymphatic impairment, resulting in extra pendulous breasts.

Shocking Outcomes of the Worldwide Bra-Free Research

I need to admit that earlier than we began the International Bra-Free Research in 2018, we thought we already knew what to expect when ladies stopped sporting bras. Since we first introduced the outcomes of our analysis in 1995, ladies have stopped sporting bras and have reported to us that their breast ache and cysts disappeared. In reality, this shocking recovery was speedy, inside a month of not sporting bras. Many occasions, ladies felt an enormous improvement in ache and cysts within days of ending the bra-caused constriction of their breasts. Certainly, this tangible self-demonstration of the hurt brought on by bras has stored this situation alive despite denials of any ailing effects from bras by the cancer industry.

However we had no concept how many other problems would enhance by not sporting bras, until we started the Worldwide Bra-Free Research. Whereas the research is ongoing, we really feel that it is crucial that ladies find out how bras can intrude with their well being, to take proper precautionary measures.

From the a whole lot of girls who are a part of this research, with more becoming a member of every day, it has grow to be clear that bras cause more than breast illness.

Everybody has reported reduction of breast ache and cysts, if that they had them before beginning the research. In no case has breast pain or cysts worsened.

Most report that their breasts are less saggy, and are rounder. Some report that their nipples now have more feeling than once they wore bras.

Each lady reviews that she breathes easier with no bra.

Most girls report that their digestion has improved.

Ladies who had shoulder ache with a bra report lack of that ache as soon as being bra-free.

Many women report loss of complications since being bra-free.

Most girls report having more confidence in public with no bra, and a larger sense of confidence and empowerment.

Ladies within the research report they haven’t any drawback being bra-free at work, and respect the comfort.

Most girls report that they like their breasts more since being bra-free.

Most report friends and family supporting their choice to be bra-free.

Surprisingly, being bra-free does not seem to change these ladies’s intercourse lives.

Some ladies reported that their menstrual cycles turned shorter and normalized after being bra-free.

Importantly, not one participant has skilled any damaging effects of being bra-free.

We also found that when ladies freed themselves from bras, they began to free themselves from different oppressive elements of their lives. As one participant defined, “I am extra confident, I like my breasts now, and I need to advocate for women and girls to know the hyperlink between bras and most cancers and the way straightforward, rewarding and healthful it can be to really feel this snug. I am more empowered now, too.”

To Be Continued…

It ought to be clear that if you use a garment that compresses and constricts the lymphatic system and the autonomic nervous system, you’re probably altering the physiology of the breasts and of the whole body. Breast most cancers will be the finish disease for the breasts, but there may also be different disease circumstances brought on by tight bras, and other tight clothing, that may lead to nervous, hormonal, and circulatory problems.

Once we first researched the bra-cancer link, we have been stunned at how little analysis there was on the subject. Many people assume there can’t be a bra-cancer hyperlink, or they might have heard about it. Individuals assume that the American Most cancers Society can be warning ladies about bras if there was analysis that linked bra usage to most cancers, identical to the ACS finally received to warning individuals about smoking (after taking many years to finally settle for the link.) However we aren’t just dealing with smoking. Once we speak about bras, we’re talking about breasts. And in our breast-obsessed culture, breasts are sexualized, objectified, molded, squeezed, sucked, compressed, constricted, pushed-up, tattooed, pierced, implanted, minimize off, and framed in a lacy bra. It’s a cultural package deal that interferes with science and common sense. And whilst docs smoked cigarettes in the 1950s and promoted their use, docs in the present day put on bras and promote their use, oblivious to the apparent.

We’re all victims of a bra-using tradition. In consequence, there’s an epidemic of breast ache and cysts than impacts greater than half of girls who use bras. Most of this is brought on by the bra and improves quickly as soon as bra utilization ends.

Some ladies will develop breast cancer because of a bra-constricted lymphatic system and exposure to cancer-causing chemical compounds, which consequently turn out to be concentrated in their breasts.

Radiation injury and other harmful impacts, resembling trauma, to the breasts cannot be as successfully repaired when the lymphatics are constricted by bras. And the immune system can’t as successfully struggle creating most cancers cells without good lymphatic circulation.

By means of the International Bra-Free Research, we’ve also seen affirmation of other analysis into the consequences of tight clothes, together with bras, on numerous bodily features, resulting from impacts on the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous techniques. Which means ladies are suffering from constipation, shallow respiration, elevated stress, menstrual abnormalities, and different potential problems because of their bras.

How tight is tight? If it leaves a mark in the pores and skin, then it is too tight.

Whereas the influence of bras on the autonomic nervous system has been recognized for decades, it has been largely ignored, together with research displaying the opposite health hazards of bras. When a carcinogen is a part of the material of the culture, it takes ripping the culture aside to take away it.

Denial is a a lot easier and worthwhile strategy for the industries that promote bras, and sell illness detection and remedy providers.

We encourage ladies all over the place to hitch the International Bra-Free Research and see for themselves, on themselves, how persistent well being issues that plagued them for years could possibly be associated to the cultural follow of sporting tight bras and other tight clothes. You don’t have anything to lose however your discomfort and persistent health problems, and this virtually definitely will allow you to forestall breast most cancers.

Be a part of the International Bra-Free Research at


• 1991 Harvard research (CC Hsieh, D Trichopoulos (1991). Breast measurement, handedness and breast most cancers danger. European Journal of Cancer and Medical Oncology 27(2):131-135.). This research found that, “Premenopausal ladies who do not wear bras had half the danger of breast cancer in contrast with bra users…”

• 1991-93 U.S. Bra and Breast Cancer Research by Singer and Grismaijer, revealed in Dressed To Kill: The Hyperlink Between Breast Cancer and Bras (Second Edition, Sq. One Publishers, 2018). Discovered that bra-free ladies have about the same incidence of breast most cancers as males. 24/7 bra sporting increases incidence over 100 occasions that of a brafree lady.

• Singer and Grismaijer did a follow-up research in Fiji, revealed in Get It Off! (ISCD Press, 2000). Found 24 case histories of breast most cancers in a tradition the place half the ladies are bra-free. The ladies getting breast most cancers have been all sporting bras. Given ladies with the same genetics and food plan and dwelling in the same village, the ones getting breast disease have been the ones sporting bras for work.

• A 2009 Chinese research (Zhang AQ, Xia JH, Wang Q, Li WP, Xu J, Chen ZY, Yang JM (2009). [Risk factors of breast cancer in women in Guangdong and the countermeasures]. In Chinese. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao. 2009 Jul;29(7):1451-Three.) discovered that NOT sleeping in a bra was protective towards breast most cancers, decreasing the danger 60%.

• 2011 a research was revealed, in Spanish, confirming that bras are inflicting breast disease and cancer. It discovered that underwired and push-up bras are probably the most harmful, however any bra that leaves purple marks or indentations might trigger illness.

• 2015 Comparative research of breast most cancers danger elements at Kenyatta Nationwide Hospital and the Nairobi Hospital J. Afr. Most cancers (2015) 7:41-46. This research discovered a big bracancer hyperlink in pre-and post-menopausal ladies.

• 2016 Sporting a Tight Bra for Many Hours a Day is Related to Increased Danger of Breast Cancer Adv Oncol Res Treat 1: 105. That is the first epidemiological research to take a look at bra tightness and time worn, and located a big bra-cancer link.

• 2016 Brassiere sporting and breast most cancers danger: A scientific evaluation and metaanalysis World J Meta-Anal. Aug 26, 2015; Three(4): 193-205 This systematic evaluate and meta-analysis aimed to guage the association between 8 areas of brassiere-wearing practices and the danger of breast cancer. Twelve case-control research met inclusion criteria for assessment. The meta-analysis exhibits statistically vital findings to help the association between brassiere sporting throughout sleep and breast most cancers danger.

• 2018 Lymph stasis promotes tumor progress Journal of Dermatological Science “(t)hese findings come as no shock to us who for a very long time have been conscious that alterations in regional lymphatic stream might produce dysregulation in skin immune perform and consequent oncogenesis. Actually, since 2002, our group has held the view that lymphedematous areas are immunologically weak websites for the development of neoplasms as well as infections and immune-mediated illnesses. In recent times, growing proof has confirmed this assumption.”


1 For example, Dr. John Mayo, one of many founders of the Mayo Clinic, wrote in the article “Susceptibility to Most cancers” in the 1931 Annals of Surgical procedure, that “Most cancers of the breast occurs largely amongst civilized ladies. In those nations the place breasts are allowed to be exposed, that is, usually are not compressed or irritated by clothing, it’s rare.” A bra patent in 1950 said, “Even in the correct breast measurement, most brassieres envelop or bind the breast in such a trend that standard circulation and freedom of movement is constricted. Many instances of breast cancer have been attributed to such breast constriction as brought on by improperly fitted brassieres.” (Taken from the 2018 version of Dressed to Kill.)









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